Green development, food security in Ethiopia

By Office of Prime Minister of Ethiopia – Given Ethiopia’s arable land, water resources and a large number of productive manpower, the government has found it effective to concentrate its efforts on agriculture to lead Ethiopia into prosperity.

Launched in 2018 under the leadership of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, the Green Legacy initiative aims to increase Ethiopia’s forest cover to 30 percent by 2030 by planting a total of 20 billion seedlings in just four years.



The initiative ensures Ethiopia’s future prosperity by enabling food security, reducing soil erosion, preventing dams from filling up, and ensuring the long-term operation of the Grand Renaissance Dam.

With the aspiration to substitute wheat imports, the government has launched a summer irrigation wheat production and lowland irrigation program in 32 woredas (districts) and other areas of Amhara and Oromia regions, as well as in 20,000 hectares of irrigated fields in Afar and Somali regions.



Techniques like building diversion dams, rainwater harvesting, implementing cluster farming, using improved seed varieties, and choosing suitable fertilizers have proved effective in ensuring food security and strengthening the agricultural sector.