Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed of Ethiopia is nominated for the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize by the Director of Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Henrik Urdal.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed leads Henrik Urdal’s 2019 Nobel Peace Prize Shortlist. Followed by Reporters Without Borders, The Arctic Council, The International Land Coalition and UNHCR and High Commissioner Filippo Grandi, according to the information posted on PRIO website.
Directors of peace research institutes and foreign policy institutes have the mandate to nominate Peace Prize Laureates, according to the Nobel Prize. Meanwhile, the names of the nominees and other information about the nominations cannot be revealed by Nobel Prize until 50 years later.
“Neither the names of nominators nor of nominees for the Nobel Peace Prize may be divulged until 50 years have elapsed,” according to the Nobel Prize awarding institution.
Proposals received for the award of a prize, and investigations and opinions concerning the award of a prize, may not be divulged. A prize-awarding body may, however, after due consideration in each individual case, permit access to material which formed the basis for the evaluation and decision concerning a prize, for purposes of research in intellectual history,” according to the Statue of the Noble Foundation.
“Such permission may not, however, be granted until at least 50 years have elapsed after the date on which the decision in question was made,” the Statue reads.
The Nobel Prize Foundation says, for the 2019 Noble Prize there are 304 candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize for 2019 out of which 219 are individuals and 85 are organizations. 304 is the fourth highest number of candidates ever. The current record of 376 candidates was reached in 2016.
Founded in 1959, the Peace Research Institute Oslo, is an independent research institution engaged in conducting research on the conditions for peaceful relations between states, groups and people.
The 2018 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad “for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict.
The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901. The Peace Prize for that year was shared between the Frenchman Frédéric Passy and the Swiss Jean Henry Dunant.
Alfred B. Nobel (1833–1896), the Swedish chemist and engineer who invented dynamite, left $9 million in his will to establish the Nobel Prizes. Alfred Nobel’s will declared that the Nobel Peace Prize was to be awarded by a committee of five persons selected by the Norwegian Storting (parliament).
The Storting accepted the assignment in April 1897, and the Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Storting was set up in August of the same year.